countries there is no hunger for bread. But people are suffering
from terrible loneliness, terrible despair, terrible hatred,
feeling unwanted, helpless, hopeless. They have forgotten
how to smile, they have forgotten the beauty of the human
touch. They are forgetting what is human love.
~ Mother Teresa
recruitment of the Nepalis fighters, moreover known as the Gurkhas
or the Gurkha Soldiers of Nepal by the British Army almost two centuries
ago probably should have been the first stepping stone towards foreign
employment for the Nepalis. The Gurkhas showed their loyalty, bravery,
hard work and dedication in the battlefields of both the first and
second world wars and thus opened the door for the youths of Nepal
to serve the British Army and also carved a niche for the Nepali
workforce all over the world.
The Nepali manpower is gaining its popularity each day. The Nepalis
also aspire to work overseas for better prospects in their lives.
Today, lots of Nepalis are into foreign employment and this has
not only benefited them but also has helped to make a positive impact
on the economy of Nepal. Realizing the potentiality of foreign employment,
His Majesty’s Government of Nepal introduced Foreign Employment
Act in 1985. Similarly, lots of licensed manpower companies registered
with the Government have flourished over the years to supply the
surplus Nepali manpower in the high demand countries.
Since Nepal offers a wide category of manpower
and the hiring policies are quite simple, many countries are interested
to employ Nepali workforce who are already renowned in the world
for their simplicity, hard work and honesty. The cost of Nepali
manpower is also comparatively very low. Various types of Nepali
workers are spread all across the world, especially in the Gulf
region and some parts of East Asian countries. The Nepali workforce
is largely concentrated in Australia, Bahrain, Brunei, Dubai, Hong
Kong, India, Japan, Kuwait, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Oman,
Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, United Arab Emirates,
United Kingdom, United States of America and other European countries.
The manpower from Nepal is basically
divided into four categories:
i. Professional manpower like Doctors, Engineers,
Scientists, Professors/Teachers, Chartered Accountants/Managers,
Architects, Geologist/Soil Experts, Specialists in the field of
Banking, Travel’s & Tours, etc.
ii. Skilled manpower like Certified Engineers,
Pharmacist/ Laboratory Technicians, Security Guards, Cook &
Chefs and other Construction related workforce like Carpenters,
Welders, Painters, Steel & Tile Fixers, Plasterers, Plumbers,
Pipe Fitters, etc.
iii. Semi-skilled manpower like Electric &
Mechanic Assistants, Glass Cutters, Assistant Cooks, Waiters &
Kitchen helpers, Washer & Pressmen, Gardeners, etc.
iv. Unskilled manpower like Cleaners, Guards
& Watch Men, Construction workers and other various types
Procedure in Nepal:
As foreign employment has become one of the best
lucrative sources to earn revenue for the country, the Government
of Nepal has simplified the procedure to recruit manpower from Nepal,
ensuring the safety and authenticity of the Nepali workers in the
foreign land at the same time.
When recruiting Nepali employees through a licensed
manpower firm registered with the Labor Department, the overseas
employer who want to hire Nepalis should first submit an authenticated
vacancy request. Upon the negotiation and receipt of such vacancy
request, the licensed manpower agency applies for the recruitment
permission from the Labor Department under the Labor Ministry of
His Majesty’s Government of Nepal. The Labor Department is
the principal authority of the Government that supervises and monitors
all the manpower recruitment agencies and their recruitment processes.
After the authentication of the vacancy request
and the relevant documents submitted by the overseas employer through
the licensed agency by the Labor Department and the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs, the Labor Department grants the permission to export
Nepali manpower to the designated country. If the Labor Department
deems it necessary, the Royal Nepalese Embassy stationed in that
country is sometimes requested to further authenticate the overseas
employer’s office for the safety and job guarantee of the
To ensure that the job of Nepali manpower
is guaranteed and they are dispatched abroad legally, Foreign Employment
Promotion Department of the Government provides a permission letter
to each employee going abroad and also offers a two-day orientation
program as well as medical certificate and insurance. This permission
letter is mandatory as it ensures job security for the Nepali workers
wherever they are.
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