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  Wild Life is about animals, right! But deciding which is the best is always hard. So, just check out the mentioned below list of tour and travel packages that are conducted in various wild life sanctuaries of Nepal and make your choice. These wild tour packages are exclusively designed to let you have the best wildlife experience through watching animals in the wilds. Beside, the wildlife tours of Nepal there are combi tours, that take you to the exotic locations and places of interest situated near to wild life hub. These secluded resorts are the perfect place to experience the true safari atmosphere of the Terai.
  Nepal's jungles are home to some of the most unique and rare animals in all the world. The warm subtropical Terai region of Nepal houses such animals as Royal Bengal tigers, rhinos, leopards wild elephants, sloth bears, monkeys, crocodiles, four kinds of dear and over 250 species of exotic birds. The Terai region is home to the Royal Chitwan and Bardia national parks. This wildlife parks were established to protect these endangered animals and the environment they live in. They are the premier places in Asia to enjoy a true jungle experience. Our Nepal Tour <T-Nepal> packages include everything from jungle activities to accommodations to transportation to and from the parks. We are happy to receive your messages and to meet you. Just Click here to send an email and we'll take care of all the details. So come join us on the Nepal safari provided by Nepal Tour only. 
  We offer following Safaris all over Nepal:

  • National Parks Safari  
  • Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve      [Details...] [Tourist Atraction] [Seasons] [How to get there] [Entry Fee]
  • Royal Suklaphant Wildlife Reserve
  • Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve        [Details...] [Vegatation & Animal] [Seasons] [How to get there] [Entry Fee] [Points]
  • Shey-Phoksundo National Park   [Vegatation & Animal] [Seasons] [How to get there] [Entry Fee] [Points] [Communities] [Tourist Attraction]
  • Parsa Wildlife Reserve
  • Royal Chitwan National Park         [vegetation & animals] [Seasons] [How to get there] [Park Facilities] [Activities] [Entry Fee]
  • Rara National Park
  • Royal Bardia National Park
  • Langtang National Park
  • Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park 
  • Khaptad (Baba) National Park
  • Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area
  • The Annapurna Conservation Area
  • Manasalu Conservation Area
  • Kanchanjunga Conservation Area
  • Mustang Conservation Area 

  • Safari Chart with Duration and Cost
  • Safari Cost
  • Safari Chart with Duration  and Cost:    Download Safari Package

    Safari From To Area(m2) Distance (km) Trip duration (days) Season Grade
    Cost ($)
    National Parks Safari                
    Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve                
    Royal Suklaphant Wildlife Reserve                
    Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve                
    Shey-Phoksundo National Park                
    Parsa Wildlife Reserve                
    Royal Chitwan National Park                
    Rara National Park                
    Royal Bardia National Park                
    Langtang National Park                
    Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park                
    Khaptad (Baba) National Park                
    Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area                
    The Annapurna Conservation Area                
    Kanchanjunga Conservation Area                
    Mustang Conservation Area                

    National Parks Safari: 
    Nepal is a land of extreme contrasts in climate and geography, It has a unique topography ranging from lowlands with sub-tropical jungles to arctic conditions in the Himalayan highlands. Within a mere 150 kilometers the land rises from near sea level in the south to over 8000 meters in the North. This, together with the monsoon rainfall along the south facing slopes, has resulted in compacting virtually all climate zones found on planet Earth. As a result, Nepal has been endowed with a great diversity of life-zones providing a home for a large variety of plants, birds and animals.

    The Terai lowlands are defined by a belt of well-watered floodplains stretching from the Indian border northward to the first slopes of the Bhabhar and the Siwalik Range. This is the richest habitat in the land with tall grasslands interspersed with riverine and hardwood sal forest . Here one can see wildlife such as the swamp deer, musk deer, black buck, blue bull, the royal Bengal tiger, gharial and marsh mugger crocodile and the last of a breed of Asiatic wild buffalo. This area is also rich in birdlife with a variety of babbles and orioles, koels and drongos, peacocks and floricans, and a multitude of wintering wildfowl. There are five protected areas in Nepal - Koshi Tappu and Parsa in the east, Sukla Phanta and Dhorpatan for hunting in the west and Shivapuri in the. mid-mountain region. The Churia, also known as the. siwalik, is the southern most range of the Himalaya. No where do they rise above 1,220 meters, This range is famous for fossil deposits of Pleistocene mammals, among them 10 species of elephants, 6 rhinoceros, hippopotamus, saber-toothed cats, various antelopes and primates such as the orang-utan, long extinct in the subcontinent, Situated north of the Churia are broad, low valleys of the inner Terai know as the Doons. These valleys are not unlike the outer plains with tall elephant grass, swamps and ox-bow lakes where the last of the one-horned rhinoceros survive. Royal Chitwan National Park in the Inner Terai of central Nepal is the first and best protected area in the kingdom. Once one of the most famous big game hunting areas in Asia. Chitwan now offers protection to a large array of mammals such as the. one-horned rhinoceros, tiger, leopard, sloth bear and the gaur (wild bison) as well as more than 400 species of birds.

    Higher in the north between 2000 and 3500 meters lies the Mahabharat Range with its oak crowned crests. The hills of this midland are covered by a moist temperate forest of deodar, oak, maple and birch in which are found deer, ghoral serow, leopard and monkey, The gorgeous multi-colored lmpeyan pheasant (Nepal's national bird) is also found here with other endangered birds like the koklas and Cheer Pheasants. Protected areas in this zone include Khapted National Park in the Far-West, Dhorpatan Hunting reserve, North-west of Pokhara and Shivapuri Wildlife Sanctuary near Kathmandu.

    Higher still, nearer the snowline, are the alpine mountain flanks which are the haunt of snow leopard, which preys on blue sheep and the Himalayan tahr. Rarely seen are the wolf, black bears and lynx. The Sherpas, Manabga, and Dolpa-bas are some of those who farm and graze their livestock on the high mountain pastures. Langtang, Sagarmatha (Everest), Shey-Phoksundo and Rara National Parks are the protected high altitude areas of Nepal.

    His Majesty's Government of Nepal has set aside more than 13,000 sq. kms of protected areas that include as many bio-geographic regions as possible to assure conservation of the maximum numbers of wildlife species. These nature sanctuaries attract wildlife enthusiasts and tourists from all over the world and each park and reserve has its own attraction.

    All National Park and Conservation Area permits can be issued and paid for at the Nepal Tour office of Hermitage Travels and Tours Limited, located at Tridevi marg,Thamel, Kathmandu. Open hour: 9am - 4pm, Monday to Friday.

    Royal Chitwan National Park:  [vegetation & animals] [Seasons] [How to get there] [Park Facilities] [Activities] [Entry Fee]

    The Royal Chitwan National Park stands today as a successful testimony of nature conservation in South Asia. This is the first national park of Nepal established in 1973 to preserve a unique ecosystem significantly valuable to the whole world. The park covering a pristine area of 932 sq. km is situated in the subtropical inner Terai lowlands of southern central part of Nepal. The park has gained much wider recognition in the world when UNESCO included this area on the list of World Heritage Site in 1984.

    Formerly, the Chitwan valley was well known for big game and was exclusively managed as a hunting reserve for the Rana Prime Ministers and their guests until 1950. In 1963, the area south of Rapti was demarcated as a rhinoceros sanctuary. In 1970, His late Majesty King Mahendra had approved in principle the creation of Royal Chitwan National Park.

    The park consists of churia hills, ox-bow lakes, flood plains of Rapti, Reu and Narayani rivers. The Churia hill rises gradually towards the east from 150 m to over 800 m. The lower but most rugged Someshwor hills occupy most of the western portion of the park. The flood plains of Chitwan are rich alluvial. The park boundaries have been delineated by the Narayani and Rapti rivers in the north and west, and the Reu river and Someshwor hills in the south and south-west. It shares its eastern border with Parsa Wildlife Reserve.

    The Royal Chitwan National Park has 6 premier jungle resorts scattered inside its boundaries. These secluded resorts are the perfect place to experience the true safari atmosphere of the Terai. All the jungle activities are just a step away and there's always a chance to spot wildlife. The resorts have offer individual cottages with a private bath or well-appointed luxury tent camps to stay in. You will be in the heart of the park surrounded by the soothing jungles of Nepal. The accommodations outside the park are more budget type guest houses. Never the less if you are on a tight budget we can arrange reservations at one of the best lodges outside and it is also include jungle activities and transportation. The Royal Chitwan National Park has 6 premier jungle resorts scattered inside its boundaries.

     Royal Bardia National Park is smaller than Chitwan but houses the same exotic animals and jungle environment of the Terai. Bardia is more isolated than Chitwan which is why it has fewer resorts and fewer visitors. But this also adds to the excitement of exploring this jungle. All resorts border the boundary of the park and numerous jungle activities are possible. The resorts are extremely pleasant and enjoyable and offer Bardia as their front yard.

    There are a wide variety of jungle activities available in both parks. Elephant rides are the best way to explore the jungle and search for wildlife. Jeep safaris are also available for those who don't feel like riding atop an elephant. Others might enjoy a jungle walk with an experienced guide who can tell you all about the wildlife and vegetation that is unique to the Terai region. Canoeing on the Rapti or Narayani rivers is a great way to see the many different bird species of Chitwan. And there's always the rare chance that you can see the elusive freshwater Gangetic dolphins that inhabit the rivers. All of these activities are included in your jungle package.

    Vegetation and Animals:

    • The Chitwan valley is characterized by tropical to subtropical forest. 70% of park vegetation is predominantly Sal ( Shorea robusta ) forest, a moist deciduous climax vegetation type of the Terai region. The remaining vegetation types include grassland (20%), riverine forest (7%) and Sal with Chirpine ( Pinus roxburghii ) (3%), the latter occurring at the top of the Churia range. The riverine forests mainly consists of khair, sissoo and simal. The simal is with spiny bark when young and develops buttress at the bottom in older stage. The grasslands form a diverse and complex community with over 50 species. The Sacchrum species, often called elephant-grass can reach 8 m in height. The shorter grasses such as Imperata is useful for thatch roofs.
    • There are more than 43 species of mammals in the park. The park is specially renowned for the protection of the endangered one-horned rhinoceros, tiger, gharial crocodile along with many other common species of wild animals. The estimated population of endangered species of animals such as gaur, wild elephant, four horned antelope, striped hyena, pangolin, gangetic dolphin, monitor lizard and python, etc.
    • Some of the other animals found in the park are samber, chital, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, common leopard, ratel, palm civet, wild dog, langur, rhesus monkey, etc.
    • There are over 450 species of birds in the park. Among the endangered birds found in the park are Bengal florican, giant hornbill, lesser florican, black stork and white stork, Few of the common birds seen are peafowl, red jungle fowl, and different species of egrets, herons, kingfishers, flycatchers and woodpeckers. The best time for bird watching is March and December.
    • More than 45 species of amphibians and reptiles occur in the park and some of which are marsh mugger crocodile, cobra, green pit viper and various species of frogs and tortoises.
    • The park is actively engaged in the scientific studies of several species of wild flora and fauna.


    • The park is under the tropical monsoon climate with relatively high humidity. The winter, spring and monsoon are the three main seasons. The cool winter season occurs from October to February. The spring begins in March and is soon followed by summer that ends in early June. The summer days are typically hot with 30 C on average day temperature. The monsoon usually begins at the end of June and continues until September. The mean annual rainfall is about 2150 mm and during this time of the year rivers are flooded and most of the roads are virtually closed. 

    How to Get There:

    • The park is accessible by car or bus on the Kathmandu-Mugling-Narayanghat Highway and or through Mahendra Rajmarg Highway from Hetauda. It is about 6 hour's drive from Kathmandu to Narayanghat. Local buses are available to Tadi Bazar which is about an hour drive form Narayanghat. A 6 km walk or bullockcart ride brings the visitors to Sauraha, the park entrance. Also air services from Kathmandu to Meghauli for US$82 each way and Bharatpur US$65 each way are available. Local buses are available form Narayanghat to Park HQ. Kasara.

    Park Facilities:

    • Display Center, Kasara
    • Library at Kasara Sauraha
    • Visitor Center, Sauraha
    • Machans (View tower)


    • Elephant ride
    • Canoeing
    • Guided jungle walk
    • Terai culture
    • Wildlife breeding projects
    • 4WD safaris

    Enrty fees into Royal Chitwan National Park:

    • National Park entry fee per person per day:
    • For Nepali Nationals Rs 20
    • For SAARC NAtionals Rs 200
    • For Foreign Nationals Rs 500
    • Children under 10 years Free
    • Elephant ride for about 2 hrs. - Rs 550 - (Nepali's Rs 100)
    • Fishing permit - Rs 300 - (Nepali's Rs 20)
    • Camping per night per person - Rs 300 - (Nepali's Rs 20)
    • Guided jungle walk - Rs 250/400 for half day/full day - (Nepali's Rs 20)
    • Canoeing - Rs 230 per person
    • 4WD safari - Rs 650 per person
    • Gharial crocodile breeding centre - included in the park entrance fee
    • Elephant breeding centre - included in the park entrance fee
    • Lodges offer all-inclusive packages for 2 to 4 days for those who want everything pre- organised by the lodge guides. 

    Koshi  Tappu Wild Life Reserve[Contact...] [Details...] [Tourist Atraction] [Seasons] [How to get there] [Entry Fee]
    Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve which stand today as successful testimony of nature conservation in South Asia. Jungle safari in Nepal with Nepal Tour. Elephant safari, tiger safari, many many kinds of safaris....  This is the first National Park of Nepal established in 1973 to preserve a unique eco system significantly valuable to the whole world.The Park covering the protected area of 932 Sq. Km. is situated in the subtropical inner Terai lowlands of southern central part of Nepal. The Park gained much wider recognition in the world when UNESCO included this area on the list of World Heritage Site in 1984. It should also be emphasized that only a very small part of the national park is used for tourism.

    Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve lies on the flood plain of the Sapta-Koshi in Saptri and Sunsari Districts of
    eastern Nepal. The area is defined by the eastern and western embankments of the river.Koshi Tappu
    Reserve, gazetted in 1976, was established mainly to preserve habitat for the remaining population of
    wild buffalo in Nepal.

    Details About the Reserve:

    • Koshi Tappu is a rectangular shaped reserve, approximately 10 km wide and 10 km long, stretching northward from the Nepal/India border along the Sapta Koshi River. The Sapta Koshi is one of the three main tributaries of the Ganges.
    • Because of its destructiveness during monsoon floods and attempt has been made to control the waters by constructing 7-10 m high embankments parallel to the river. These prevent lateral spread of the enormous monsoon flow. Control gates at the Koshi Barrage on the border with India act as a dam and also contain the river.
    • Rapid and complete inundation of the reserve to depths ranging from 10 to 300 cm occurs during the monsoon. The river also changes its main course from one season to another.
    • The vegetation is mainly tall khar-pater grassland with a few pater grassland with a few patches of khair-sissoo (Acacia catechu-Dalbergia sissoo) scrub forest and deciduous mixed riverine forest.
    • The reserve offers important habitat for a variety of wildlife. The last surviving population (about 100 individuals) of wild buffalo or arna (Bubalus arnee arnee) are found here. They are distinguished from domestic animals by their much bigger horns. Other mammals occurring here are hog deer, wild boar, spotted deer and blue bull.
    • The reserve also assists the local economy by providing fishing permits and allowing the collection of edible fruits and ferns in season.
    • A total of 280 different species of birds have been recorded in the reserve. These include twenty species of ducks, two species of ibises, many storks, egrets, herons and the endangered swamp partridge and Bengal florican. The Koshi Barrage is extremely important as a resting place for migratory birds and many species recorded there are not seen elsewhere in Nepal.
    • The endangered Gharial crocodile and Gangetic dolphin have been recorded in the Koshi river.
    • Local villagers are permitted to collect grasses from within the reserve in January each year. These are used for thatching roofs and building house walls. Because of intensive agriculture the grasses can no longer be found outside the reserve. An estimated us $250.00 worth thatch grass was removed during January 1987.

    Tourist Attraction:

    • The best time to visit Koshi Tappu is between October and March when many migratory and resident birds can be seen at the barrage and on the main river channel. Several Himalayan peaks including Makalu (8475 m) the worlds fifth highest mountain, can be seen during this period of cooler clear weather.
    • The trail along the eastern embankment of the reserve provides places to observe birds and at dusk and dawn some of the resident animals.
    • The government Hattisar (elephant stable) at Koshi Tappu has the distinction of biding one of the few facilities in Asia where elephants breed regularly. His Majesty's Government maintains eight female elephants. A semi-wild male, named Ganesh Maharaj by locals, frequently visit and mates with the females, producing a total of nine youngsters so far. Ganesh Maharaj, named after the Hindu God, is considered sacred by local people. Visitors can arrange elephant rides into the reserve from the Reserve Headquarters.
    • Baraha Chhetra, located 5 km north of Chatara, is the site of an annual religious festival and is sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists.


    • The region of Nepal experiences three distinct seasons. Summer lasting from February through May is intensely hot with minimal precipitation. Shade temperatures can reach 40 C. The monsoon commences late May or early June with frequent and violent thunderstorms. Rainfall is greatest during July but high humidity and temperatures are experienced throughout the season. Winter lasts from October through January with unclouded skies and moderate temperatures.

    How to Get There:

    • Buses leave daily from Kathmandu for Kaakar-Bhitta and Biratnagar. Visitors need to get off just before Laukhi and walk 3 km to the Reserve Headquarters at Kusaha. The road to Kusaha is marked by a signboard on the main road.
    • Royal Nepal Airline Corporation also operates a daily air service between Kathmandu and Biratnagar. Visitors flying to Biratnagar will need to travel by bus to the reserve entrance shortly after Lauki.

    Entry fee into Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve:

    The Reserve Headquarters and entrance building are at Kusaha. All visitors must stop here to pay an entrance fee.

    • Wildlife Reserve entry fee per person per day:
    • For Nepali Nationals Rs 20
    • For SAARC Nationals Rs 200
    • For Foreign Nationals Rs 500
    • Children under 10 years Free
    • Elephant ride per hour - Rs 1000 - (Nepali's Rs 100)
    • Fishing permit - Rs 300 - (Nepali's Rs 20)
    • Camping per night per person - Rs 300 - (Nepali's Rs 20)
    • Motor vehicle drive - Rs 100
    • Children under 10 years Free
    • Entry permits should be kept in case they need to be checked by the Reserve Guards.
    • A small lodge at Kusaha is available for use by tourists and there is a small canteen where snacks and cold drinks can be purchased.

    Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve  [Contact...] [Details...] [Vegatation & Animal] [Seasons] [How to get there] [Entry Fee] [Points]

    Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve lies in Rukum, Myagdi and Baglung Districts in the Dhaulagiri Himal range in West Nepal. Putha, Churen and Gurja Himal extend over the northern boundary of the reserve. Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve was established in 1983 and was gazetted in 1987. Management objectives of the reserve allow sports hunting and preserve a representative high altitude ecosystem in West Nepal

    Details About the Reserve:

    • The reserve extends over an area of 1325 sq. km and is the only hunting reserve in the country to meet the sports hunting needs of Nepalese and foreign hunters of blue sheep and other game animals. The higher elevations remain snow-capped throughout the year. Altitudes vary from 3000 m. to more than 7000 m. The flat meadows above tree line (4000 m), locally known as Patan, is divided into six blocks for hunting management purposes.
    • The reserve is surrounded by villages on all sides except the north. Local people depend on the reserve to meet their requirements for wood, fuelwood, fodder, and pasture. The refugee camp near the reserve headquarters has put more human pressure in the forest. Every year livestock grazing activities begin from February and last until October. More than 80,000 livestock enter the reserve.
    • The majority of people belong to the Mongoloid race, including Magar. Thakali, and Gurung, Amalgamation of different ethnic groups has resulted in a mixed pattern of cultures.
    • Dhorbaraha, a Hindu religious place on the banks or Uttarganga River near Dhorpatan, is in Fagune bloc. Every year on the day of "Janai Purnima" in August, a religious fair is held here which is attended by many local devotees. The magnificent view of Dhaulagiri Himal from Barse. Dogari and Gustung blocs are exceptional. Snag and Sundaha bloc are rich in wild animals.

    Vegetation and Wildlife:

    • The reserve is characterized by alpine, sub-alpine and high temperate vegetation. Common plant species include fir, pine, birch, rhododendron, hemlock, oak, juniper and spruce. Pasturelands occupy more than 50% of the total area of the reserve at higher elevations.
    • The reserve is one of the prime habitats for blue sheep, a highly coveted trophy. Other animals found are : leopard, goral, serow, Himalayan tahr, Himalayan black bears, barking deer, wild boar, rhesus macaque, langur and mouse hare.
    • Pheasants and partridge are common and their viable population in the reserve permits controlled hunting.
    • Endangered Animals in the reserve include Musk deer, Wolf, Red panda, Cheer pheasant and Danphe.
    • A hunting license is issued by the Department of National Parks and Wildlife conservation.


    • The monsoon lasts until the beginning of October. Day time temperatures are very low during winter due to strong winds. Higher elevations remain covered by cloud in the morning, later cleared by the wind. Snow may occur even at low elevation until early April, however, it soon melts. The best time to visit the reserve is March-April.

    How to Get There:

    • Public bus service is available from Kathmandu to Tansen and Tamgash Gulmi from where the reserve HQ. is a three day walk via Burtibang.
    • Flight service reaches Baglung from Kathmandu and Pokhara. The reserve HQ. can be reached in 4 days walk from Balewa, Baglung.
    • A public bus can be taken to Baglung from Pokhara followed by a 4 day walk via Baglung Beni-Darbang-Lumsum and Jaljala to reach Dhorpatan.
    • A helicopter charter may be available on request from Kathmandu.

    Some Important Points:

    • Local people are allowed to collect limited quantities of fuelwood for their use. Visitors are requested to be self-sufficient with fuel before entering the reserve. Since no medical facilities are available in the reserves, it is suggested that visitors carry a comprehensive first-aid kit including medicines for intestinal disorders. Two hotels/lodges catering simple Nepali foods are located at Chhyantung near Dhorpatan.

    Entry Fees into Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve:

    • Reserve fee per person per entry:
    • For Nepali Nationals Rs 20
    • For SAARC Nationals Rs 200
    • For Foreign Nationals Rs 500
    • Children under 10 years free

    Shey Phoksundo National Park [Contact...][Vegatation & Animal] [Seasons] [How to get there] [Entry Fee] [Points] [Communities] [Tourist Attraction]

    Shey Phoksundo National Park is situated in the mountain region of Western Nepal, covering parts of Dolpa and Mugu Districts. Gazetted in 1984, it is the largest national park in the country with an area of 3555 sq. km. The main objectives of the park are to preserve the unique trans-Himalayan ecosystem with its typical Tibetan type of flora and fauna and to protect endangered species such as the snow leopard and musk deer.Much of the park lies north of the Great Himalayan Range. Kanjiroba Himal lies at the southern edge of the trans-Himalayan region of the Tibetan plateau. The high Dolpa plateau in the northeast of the park is drained by the Langu (Namlang) River. The southern catchment of the park is drained by the Jugdula and Suligad Rivers, which flow south and drain into the Bheri River. Nepal's second largest lake, Phoksundo, lies at 3660 m in the upper reaches of Suligad.

    Vegetation and Animals:

    • The vegetation found in the park is diverse due to the influence of two different micro-climates. The southern river valleys along Suligad contain luxuriant forests mainly comprising blue pine, spruce, cypress, poplar, deodar, fir and birch. The Jugdula River valley consists mostly of Quercus species. The trans-Himalayan area has a near-desert type vegetation comprising mainly dwarf juniper and caragana shrubs.

    • The park provides prime habitat for snow leopard and blue sheep. The blue sheep are mainly concentrated around Shey Gomba and Dolpo. Other common animals found in the park are: goral, Himalayan tahr, serow, leopard, wolf, jackal, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan weasel, Himalayan mouse hare, yellow-throated marten and langur and rhesus monkeys.

    • The park is equally rich in birds. The commonly seen birds are Impeyan pheasant (danphe), blood pheasant, cheer pheasant, red and yellow-billed choughs, raven jungle crow, show partridge and many others.


    • Spring season (March-May) usually has fine weather although high passes still remain covered with the winter snow. Being located behind the main Himalayan range, the park is little affected by monsoon rain from June until September and weather usually remains clear. The alpine flowers are at their best color during the months. The winter temperatures drop below 0 C. Occasional heavy snowfall in mid-winter closes the trails for several days.

    Local Communities:

    • There are several settlements in the park, totaling an approximate population of 2000. The peoples lifestyle and culture are still strongly reminiscent of Tibet. Local inhabitants believe in the Buddhist religion but the community of Phoksundo area practices Bon, a pre-Buddhist sect. Almost all villages have their own communal gompas.

    • The local economy is heavily based on agriculture, growing mainly potatoes, buckwheat, mustard, beans and some barley. Animal husbandry is a main source of food and wool for weaving clothes. Trading is done with Tibet, exchanging food grains for salt and wool.

    Tourist Attraction:

    • Shey is interesting for religions and wildlife. Phoksundo Lake also known as Ringmo Lake, it is the most interesting site of the park. The lake is drained by a waterfall from a height of nearly 150 m making it the highest waterfall in the country.

    • There are a few Buddhist monasteries near the lake in Ringmo and Pugmo villages.

    How to Get There:

    • The easiest and shortest route to reach the park is to fly to Juphal airstrip in Dolpa from Nepalgunj or Pokhara. From there, it is an easy one day walk to reach the park guardpost at Suligad and three days walk to reach park HQ. at Sumduwa.

    • Alternate routes are to fly to Jumla and trek about 10 days to the Phoksundo and Shey areas.. An adventurous route begins in Dhorpatan crossing several high passes before reaching Dunai, the District HQ. of Dolpa.

    Important Points:

    • Flora and fauna are fully protected and must not be disturbed.
    • Visitors should be self-sufficient in fuel supply entering the park. Use of firewood is strictly prohibited.
    • Rubbish must be buried or disposed of in a designated place.
    • Movement in the park between sunset and sunrise is prohibited.

    Entry fees into Shey Phoksundo National Park:

    All visitors must pay a park entry fee at Ankhe guard post of park HQ.

    • Natrional Park fees per person per entry:
    • For Nepali Nationals Free
    • For SAARC Nationals Rs 100
    • For Foreign Nationals Rs 1000
    • Children under 10 years Free
    • Be sure to keep your entry permit as it might be checked later by park personnel.

    Parsa Wildlife Reserve [Contact...]

    Parsa Wildlife Reserve was established in 1984 with an area of 499 sq. km. It occupies part of Chitwan, Makwanpur, Parsa and Bara Districts in Central Nepal. The reserve headquarter is situated at Adhabar on the Hetauda-Birgunj highway (22 km south to Hetauda and 20 km north to Birgunj).

    The dominant landscape of the reserve are the Churia hills ranging from 750 m to 950 m, which run east-west. The soil is primarily composed of gravel and conglomerates making it very susceptible to erosion. The hills present a very rugged face with numerous gullies and dry stream beds. As the foothills are very porous, water flows underground and surfaces at a distance of about 15 km from the hills base.

    Vegetation and Wildlife:

    • The forest is composed of tropical and subtropical forest types with sal (Shorea robusta) forest constituting 90% of the vegetation. In the Churia hills chir pine (Pinus roxburghii) grows and along the streams and river khair (Acacia catechu), sissoo (Dalbergia sissoo) and silk cotton tree (Bombaxceiba) occur. Sabai grass (Enlaliopsisbinata), a commercially important grass species, grows well on the southern face of the Churia hills.

    • The reserve supports a good population of resident wild elephant (Elephas maxinuts), tiger (Pantheratigris), leopard (Panthera pardus), sloth bear (Melursus ursinnus), garu (Bos gaurus), blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus) and wild dog (Cuon alpinus). Other common animals are sambar (Cervus unicolor), chital (Zxis asis), hog deer (Axis porcinus), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjac), langur (Presbytes entellus), rhesus macaques, striped hyena (Hyena hyena), ratel, palm civet and jungle cat.

    • There are nearly 300 species of birds in the reserve. Giant hornbill, one of the endangered species, is found in certain forest patches. Peafowl, red jungle fowl, flycatchers and woodpeckers are a few of the other common birds found in the reserve.

    • Many kinds of snake like king cobra, common cobra, krait, rat snake and python are found in the reserve due to the hot tropical climate.


    • The reserve has a subtropical monsoon climate with relatively high humidity. The main season are winter (October-December), spring (January-March), summer (April-June) and monsoon (July-September). Summer days are characteristically hot with average temperatures ranging from 30 - 35 C.

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